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Query Language

Query Language

caution

This document is for TimeBase Community Edition and TimeBase Enterprise Edition 5.5

For older versions refer to QQL 5.4 .

TimeBase QuantQuery Language (QQL) is a query language designed to extract, filter, aggregate and transform data in TimeBase streams.

While QQL is very similar to SQL, there are very significant differences. QQL is designed to query polymorphic time-series data, while SQL is designed primarily for querying monomorphic (fixed-structure) data, without any time-series properties.

Synopsis
[WITH expr_list]
SELECT [DISTINCT|RUNNING] expr_list
[TYPE type_name]
[FROM stream_name|REVERSE(stream_name)|LIVE(stream_name)]
[[LEFT] ARRAY JOIN expr_list]
[[TRIGGER|RESET] OVER [EVERY] [count_expr|time_expr]]
[WHERE expr]
[GROUP BY expr_list]
[LIMIT limit [OFFSET offset]]|[LIMIT offset, limit]
[UNION ...]
  • SELECT allows querying all data or DISTINCT entries FROM one or several streams and filter them using WHERE clause.
  • Use WITH keyword to declare aliases, variables, expressions.
  • You can query data in LIVE mode, REVERSE order or get data RUNNING for every message received.
  • With the TYPE keyword you can set the query output type or map it to the specific class type.
  • ARRAY JOIN`s allow joining nested arrays in a single message.
  • With OVER you can compute query output for a specific window or count.
  • Use GROUP BY to output just the data aggregated by a specific value.
  • With LIMIT you can define the output volume. In combination with OFFSET you can also set the starting record number.
  • UNION allows combining queries even with different types.
info

Refer to QQL Tutorials to learn more about using QQL.

Data Definition Language

TimeBase Data Definition Language (DDL) you can CREATE, MODIFY, and DROP streams.

Synopsis
CREATE TRANSIENT|DURABLE STREAM stream_name [title]
(class_expr|enum_expr [; ...])
[OPTIONS (identifier [= expr] [; ...])]
[COMMENT comment]

MODIFY STREAM stream_name [title]
(class_expr|enum_expr [; ...])
[OPTIONS (identifier [= expr][; ...])]
[COMMENT comment]
[CONFIRM NO_CONVERSION|CONVERT_DATA|DROP_ATTRIBUTES|DROP_TYPES|DROP_DATA]

DROP STREAM stream_name
  • You can create DURABLE and TRANSIENT types of streams.
  • Specify separated by a semicolon all classes and enumerations included in your stream.
  • Add stream definition attributes in OPTIONS.

where classes and enumerations are described as follows:

class_expr
CLASS type_name [title] [UNDER type_name]
(static_attribute|attribute [, ...])
[AUXILIARY|NOT AUXILIARY]
[INSTANTIABLE|NOT INSTANTIABLE]
[COMMENT comment]
enum_expr
ENUM enum_name [title]
(identifier [= expr] [, ...])
[FLAGS]
[COMMENT comment]
  • Use UNDER to indicate a parent class if applicable.
  • Classes may include static and/or non-static attributes. You can list them separated by a comma.
  • AUXILIARY classes cannot be written to a stream, but stream objects may contain AUXILIARY classes. NOT AUXILIARY classes can be written to a stream.
  • NOT INSTANTIABLE are abstract classes.
  • Use FLAGS to store enum values encoded as bitmask.

and where static and non-statics attributes are detemined as follows:

static_attribute
STATIC identifier [title] type [NOT NULL] [encoding] [BETWEEN min_expr AND max_expr] = expr
[TAGS (identifier:expr [, ...])]
[COMMENT comment]
attribute
identifier [title] type [NOT NULL] [encoding] [BETWEEN min_expr AND max_expr] [RELATIVE TO identifier] [DEFAULT expr]
[TAGS (identifier:expr [, ...])]
[COMMENT comment]
  • Supply a specific expr values with STATIC attributes.
  • All attributes may acquire null values unless they are NOT NULL.
  • Attributes may have different data types and encoding.
  • Use BETWEEN/END to assign minimal and maximal values to numeric attributes.
  • Non-static attributes may acquire DEFAULT values.
  • Use RELATIVE TO to indicate that a non-static attribute's decoding depends on another field/property value.
  • With TAGS you can store a specific field-related metadata as a key:value pair.
info

Refer to DDL Tutorials to learn more about using DDL.